Cataract Treatment | How to Prevent and Treat Cataracts
Your eye functions much like a camera, in which it needs a clear look of things so that the brain can process them into images. Moreover, your eye has a lens, which focuses light onto the retina to get a clear picture of things. The lens consists of two components: Water and protein. Some of the protein starts to bundle up together as you age, and that protein build-up is the cataract. It’s a serious problem that leads to blindness when neglected, and it’s quite common to occur, as well. Cataract treatment may as well mean eye surgery, but studies have shown that eating the right kinds of food to keep your eye healthy could prevent – or at least, delay – this blinding eye disease.
Nutrients for Cataract Prevention
1. Vitamin E
This vitamin is necessary not only for your eye’s health but for your skin’s health and immune system, as well. Spinach, almonds, and sunflower seeds are good sources of vitamin E.
2. Vitamin C
This vitamin and antioxidant helps your body maintain and form connective tissues, and that includes the collagen in your eyes. Moreover, it helps maintain even the health of your capillaries in your eyes. Not to mention that it greatly strengthens your immune system. For excellent general eye health, include vitamin C in your daily diet or take supplements of it. Citrus fruits and vegetables are good sources of vitamin C.
3. Beta Carotene
This nutrient helps maintain your overall eye health. Also, it prevents macular degeneration. Carrots are a good source of this.
Types of Cataract Operation
When proper nutrients can no longer prevent cataracts from growing worse, a cataract treatment that involves surgery is necessary.
This method only requires a small incision to be done on your eye, which means that post-surgery, you won’t need an eye patch and your vision will recover quickly. The surgeon will insert a thin ultrasound probe into the incision and it will dissolve the protein build-up into fragments that will then be sucked out by the same device. An artificial lens will then replace the cataract that occupied the capsular bag.
This method needs a larger incision than the aforementioned procedure. This is only used when the cataract can no longer be dissolved into fragments through phacoemulsification. After incising, the surgeon will put numbing drops to avoid any unnecessary pain. Next, the surgeon will entirely take out the cataract and replace it with an artificial lens. This will require you to wear an eye patch after the operation.
This method is by far the most painful, but effective cataract treatment. An even larger incision will be done to take out the cataract and the surrounding capsule simultaneously. The intraocular lens will then be moved in front of the iris. This is rarely done, though, and is only an option when you have a significantly serious traumatic cataract.
Eating right can only get you so far, but it’s better than neglecting the problem. Remember to only opt for a serious cataract treatment when it’s truly serious, but never wait for it to grow too worse that you’ll have to undergo an intracapsular surgery.
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